Spoofing is a malicious form of communication. Communication is sent from an unknown source disguised as known source to the receiver. The most prominent form of spoofing are emails.
The email will request personal information verification which will be used for identity theft. The attacker disguises the email to seem like it is from a trusted source since the receiver will be more likely to open it. Ensure that you lookout for suspicious email addresses and subject lines.
How To Avoid Spoofing?
Check the display name
Carefully check the email address in the header, if it looks suspicious do not open
Check for spelling mistakes
Legitimate messages usually do not have major spelling mistakes or poor grammar as brands are pretty serious about their emails. Read your emails carefully and report anything that seems suspicious
Don’t give up personal information
Legitimate companies and most other companies will never ask for personal credentials via email. Don’t give them up or else verify with the company via phone call
Beware of urgent or threatening language in the subject line
Beware of subject lines that claim your “account has been suspended” or your account had an “unauthorized login attempt.”
Review the signature
Lack of details about the signer or how you can contact a company strongly suggests a spoof. Legitimate businesses always provide contact details.
Don’t click on suspicious attachments/links
Attachments that contain viruses and malware are common phishing tactics. Malware can damage files on your computer, steal your passwords or spy on you without your knowledge. Don’t open any email attachments you weren’t expecting.
Analyse the salutation
Is the email addressed to a vague “Valued Customer?” If so, watch out legitimate businesses will often use a personal salutation with your first and last name.
Beware of the header from email address
Fraudsters not only spoof brands in the display name, but also spoof brands in the header from email address